Mark Addy as the NKVD man threatening Bulgakov.
© National Theatre
John Hodge wrote the screenplays for,among others, Trainspotting, Shallow Grave, A Life Less Ordinary, and The Beach, all directed by Danny Boyle. His latest screenplay, Trance, co-written with Joe Aherne, currently in production is also directed by Boyle. Given Boyle’s associationon with the National Theatre – he directed the hugely successful Frankenstein there earlier
this year - it is perhaps unsurprising that Hodge’s first play, originally conceived as a film, has opened in the Cottesloe and will run in repertory until
the end of March next year. It is a blistering black comedy about the plight of the Soviet dramatist, Mikhail Bulgakov, whose play, The White Guard, was Stalin’s favourite drama. He saw it 15 times. In 1938, at the height of the tyranny during which millions of Russians were killed on Stalin’s orders, Bulgakov was asked - instructed is a better word – to write a play about the dictator’s early life as a revolutionary.
Suffering from the kidney disease which would eventually kill him Bulgakov had no alternative. The play looks at the dilemma the artist living under a tyranny faces – how to survive, and how to keep faith in what one believes in at the same time.
Alex Jennings as Mikhail Bulgakov and Jacqueline Defferary as his wife, Yelena © The National Theatre
It is Hodge’s first play. He says he was commissioned in 2007
to write a screenplay, the principal source for which would be Simon
Sebag-Montefiore’s Young Stalin, a vivid and wonderful account of the tyrant’s
early years. Trying to work out how to do it he discovered a footnote about
Bulgakov and his play, which seemed to provide a way in. It didn’t find favour with the
money men, and Hodge embarked on a television mini series on the subject. The
director of the proposed film suggested the original version of the script
might make a play – and that is what has happened. Bulgakov's play, Batum, a pale imitation, according to Hodge, of his
other work was never performed. Stalin changed his mind.
Hodge has created a fantasy in which the overwrought and ill dramatist, played superbly by Alex Jennings, imagines
encounters with the dictator - Simon Russell Beale oozing faux bonhommie. Stalin writes the play he has demanded, while Bulgakov, harassed by a jovial and sinister NKVD man, Mark Addy, tells him how to rule Russia– with disastrous results.
Stalin played by Simon Russell Beale © National Theatre
Black and very funny, it will be screened on the 1st December in 120 UK
cinemas as well as 600 more worldwide. The chances are, given its origins and
the limitations of the Cottesloe – the set is complicated and bits of the action
are divorced from different parts of the audience – that it will look better on
the screen.It makes a fascinating companion piece to two plays the National has staged recently – Bulgakov’s The White Guard, and a stage version of Burnt By the Sun, Nikita Mikhalkov’s 1994 film about the terror.
Enquiries about the Critics' Circle should be made to the Hon Gen Sec Rick Jones by email firstname.lastname@example.org or telephone 020 8698 2460.